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米「データベース複製防止法案」で思うこと

ITmediaニュース:「データベース複製防止」法案、米委員会を通過によると

この法案では刑事罰は規定せず、データベース保有者が民事法廷で、「一つのデータベースに含まれた情報のうち相当量を、商用目的で他者に提供したすべての人物」を訴える権利を認めている。(中略)この法案「Database and Collections of Information Misappropriation Act of 2003」は、音楽や文学、映画などの著作権付きの作品に与えられるのと同種の保護を、データベースも受けるという内容。

データを集めたのはそもそも何でなんだろうか。何か便利なことがあるはずだ。さらに他人に見られてもいいようにインターネットに接続されているなら、利用されてもいいと思っているはずだ。ま、確かに、自分が集めたデータを「私が集めたよ」と提供して金銭をもらったらルール違反だと直感的に思う。まるまる集めたものを、そのまんまコピーして他人に提供して金銭をもらうのはおかしいけれども、これだけの情報量があるなかで取捨選択して集めたのなら、すでに元のデータベースとは違うのではないだろうか。まさにblogというものがそれに該当すると思う。一番のポイントは「相当量」というのがどの程度の量かってことでしょうね。

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Comments

インターネットに接続されて、他に見られていいようになっていても、著作権フリーではないですよね。

日本ではデータベースにも著作権が認められています。著作権法の第十二条の二で「データベースでその情報の選択又は体系的な構成によつて創作性を有するものは、著作物として保護する。」とあります。

はずしてる???

Posted by: Yuta | 2004.01.25 at 17:47

そうだったのか・・・。ありがとう。危うく、誤解をもったまま、過ごすところでした。「データベース」の定義も調べなきゃ・・・。

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